Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics

BSc. Medical physics at DeKUT is an undergraduate applied physics course which deals with applications of physics concepts, laws and methods to medical diagnosis and therapy.

What is Medical physics?

An applied branch of physics concerned with the application of the concepts and methods of physics to the diagnosis, management, and treatment of human disease. The main areas of application are treatment of cancer by ionizing radiation (radiation oncology), imaging with x-rays, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance (diagnostic radiology), imaging and treatment with radioisotopes (nuclear medicine), and protection of occupational workers in radiation related industries (health physics). Other areas of study include electroencephalography, electrocardiography, thermography, hyperthermia, optical imaging, and RF and laser surgery.

What does a Medical physicist do?

Medical physicists are concerned primarily with three areas of activity: clinical service and consultation, research and development, and teaching. Medical physicist are involved in number activities in patient diagnosis and treatment. They are responsible for planning and ensuring safe and accurate treatment of patients. Medical physicists use a variety of analytical, computer-aided and bioengineering techniques in their work such as radiotherapy, x-ray imaging, ultrasound, tomography, radiology, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging and lasers. They work with patients and with a wide range of medical, technical and administrative staff.

The main areas of specialization of medical physicists are:

  1. Medical Imaging physics also known as diagnostic and interventional radiology physics where  a clinical physicist deals with testing, optimization, quality assurance of diagnostic radiology physics areas such as radiographic X –rays, fluoroscopy, mammography, angiography and computer tomography(CT) , ultrasound and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  2. Radiation therapeutic physics also known as radiotherapy physics or radiation oncology physics. This is the discipline of majority of the medical physics professionals. They deal with linear accelerator systems, kilovoltage X–ray units, medical lasers, ultraviolet and photodynamic therapy as well as nuclear medicine and photomedicine
  3. Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine that uses nuclear radiation to provide information about the state and the functioning  of specific organs such thyroid, bones, hear, liver and many other organs by imaging and to treat their diseases
  4. Health physics also known as radiation safety and protection physics that is concerned with recognition, evaluation and control of health hazards, to permit the safe use and application of ionizing radiation in determined work places, or geographic areas on environmental context
  5. Non-ionizing medical radiation physics falls under diagnostic imaging physics that include MRI, ultrasound, optical imaging that include optical microscopy, optical tomography. Sometimes medical lasers are considered under this category

Employment opportunities

Typical employers of medical physicists include;

Hospitals, Universities, Research organizations, Diagnostic or medical instrumentation manufacturers and

Entry Criteria

 A minimum Mean Grade of C+ and a minimum grade of C+ in the Chemistry and Mathematics/Physics.

  1. The candidate must have obtained a minimum of C+ (plus) in the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) or its equivalent and should have a minimum grade of C+ in  Physics 
  2. Holders of KNEC diploma in  Medical Imaging or any related field
  3. A holder of any other qualifications recognized by the DeKUT Senate as equivalent to (i and ii) above.

Duration of the programme

Duration the duration of programme shall be four (4) academic years. Therefore, the minimum time allocated for a student to complete the program shall be four years while the maximum time will be eight (8) years.

Mode of Study